Cu2SO4 is cuprous sulfate,while CuSO4 is copper sulfate

Fe2(SO4)3 is ferrous sulfate,while FeSO4 is iron sulfate

H3PO3 is orthophosphorous acid, while H3PO4 is orthophosphoric acid

K2MnO4 is potassium manganite,while KMnO4 is kalii permanganate


CuBr cuprous bromide HCl(g) hydrogen chloride

LiF lithium fluoride KOH potassium hydroxide

NaCl sodium chloride AgI silver iodide

CaO dehydrated lime CaCl2 calcium chloride

Cu(CN)2 cupric cyanide Mg(OH)2 magnesium hydroxide

NaHCO3 sodium bicarbonate Na2CO3 sodium carbonate

Sn(OH)2 stannic hydroxide/ tin(IV) hydroxide Pb(NO3)2 lead nitrate

ZnS zinc sulphide AlCl3 aluminium chloride

Fe2O3 ferric oxide SiO2 silicon dioxide

SO2 sulfur dioxide SO3 sulfur trioxide

PBr3 phosphorus tribromide CO carbon monoxide

CO2 carbon dioxide NI3 iodazide

NO nitrogen monoxid NO2 nitrogen dioxide

N2O dinitrogen monoxide


  • sodium sulfate 硫酸钠
  • copper(I) oxide 氧化亚铜
  • magnesium chloride 氯化镁
  • potassium carbonate 碳酸钾
  • aluminum oxide 氧化铝
  • silver sulfide 硫化银
  • ammonium nitrate 硝酸铵
  • iron(III) sulfide 硫酸铁
  • ammonium phosphate 磷酸铵
  • hydrogen cyanide 氰化氢
  • lead(II) sulfate 硫酸铅
  • sodium bicarbonate 碳酸氢钠
  • zinc oxide 氧化锌
  • sodium nitrite 亚硝酸盐
  • magnesium bromide 溴化镁
  • iron(II) oxide 氧化亚铁
  • tin(IV) hydroxide Sn(OH)2
  • calcium carbide 碳化钙
  • magnesium sulfate 硫酸镁
  • sodium phosphate 磷酸钠
  • ammonium hydroxide 氢氧化氨
  • carbon monoxide 一氧化碳
  • carbon dioxide 二氧化碳
  • nitrogen trifluoride 三氟化氮
  • nitrogen monoxide 一氧化氮
  • nitrogen dioxide 二氧化氮
  • dinitrogen monoxide 一氧化二氮
  • phosphorus trichloride 三氯化磷
  • carbon tetrachloride 四氯化碳
  • sulfur dioxide 二氧化硫
  • sulfur trioxide 三氧化二硫
  • nitric acid 硝酸
  • potassium peroxide 过氧化钾

(1) CH3CH2CH3 propane

(2) CH3CH2OCH2CH3 diethyl ether

(3) CH3CHClCH2CH2CH2CH3 2- hexyl chloride

(4) CH2=CHCl monochloroethane

(5) C6H5OH phenol

(6) cis-CH3CH=CHCH3 2-butene

(7) CH3CHOH-CH3 2-propanol

(8) CH3COCl acetyl chloride

(9) PhNHCH3 N-methylaniline

(10) CH2=O formaldehyde

(11) CH3COCH3 acetone

(12) m-NO2-C6H4COOH m-nitrobenzoic acid

(13) CH3COOCH3 methyl acetate

(14) HCONH2 ammonium formate

(15) CH3CN acetonitrile

(16) (C6H5CO)2O 苯甲酸酐benzoic acid anhydride